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Model Cooperative Villages: The future of rural India

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Model Cooperative Villages: The future of rural India

 

The Minister of Cooperation Amit Shah in a written reply elaborated on ‘Model Cooperative Villages’ in the Lok Sabha on 20th December 2022. The Union Minister said, “The Model Cooperative Village (MCV) programme is being jointly implemented by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) and the Gujarat State Cooperative Bank (GStCB) Ltd.

Smooth availability of finance to ensure livelihood opportunities:

The aim of the MCV programme is to create ‘Atmanirbhar Gaon’ through the vision of ‘Sahakaar se Samridhi’. It was launched on 10th April, 2022 at Bavla village of Ahmedabad district in Gujarat. The programme is also being piloted in six selected villages of Gujarat, which are Adroda & Rethal (Ahmedabad), Adaraj Moti & Isanpur Mota (Gandhinagar), Pipero (Dahod) & Kolithad (Rajkot), by NABARD in coordination with various stakeholders.

Union Minister Amit Shah said, “Implementation of the programme in other States would be considered by NABARD after studying the outcome of the pilot projects in Gujarat.”

NABARD is a development bank with a mandate for providing and regulating credit and other facilities for the promotion and development of agriculture, small-scale industries, cottage and village industries, handicrafts and other rural crafts and other allied economic activities in rural areas.

In this programme too, NABARD is playing a vital role in coordination between different stakeholders such as the government of Gujarat, Cooperative Banks, Community Based Organizations, etc.

Rural outreach by bottom-up approach:

The MCV has been designed to overcome development challenges by adopting a bottom-up approach.

The outlined objectives of the MCV are:

  1.  To achieve faster and inclusive growth through infrastructure development, livelihood promotion, health and education, banking and insurance services, and delivery of public services using a bottom up approach.
  2.  To take governances to the door step of the people by enhancing outreach of programmes through a cadre of trained volunteers and champions in administration.
  3.  To improve the quality of delivery mechanism by convergence of programmes land coordination among frontline workers, PRI representative and community resource persons/volunteers.
  4.  To generate awareness about the government programmes among the people in rural areas.
  5.  To enhance transparency and accountability by promoting legal literacy and understanding of right and entitlements under various laws like Right to Education Act, 2009, Forest Rights Act 2006 ( Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers( Recognition of Forest Rights ) Act, National Food Securities Act, 2013, etc.

Ministry of Cooperation for strengthening of cooperatives:

The Ministry of Co-operation was set up in July 2021 with Home Minister Amit Shah taking the charge of the Ministry. Earlier, the Ministry of Agriculture dealt with the subject of co-operatives. In 2021, Union Home Minister Amit Shah in a tweet, said “A new dawn of prosperity will come in agriculture and rural sector.”

The objective of setting up the Ministry was to streamline processes for ease of doing business for co-operatives and enable the development of multi-state co-operatives.

 

 

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